PDF Betta Fish Facts and Secrets

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It's recommended that you check once a day that there are no tears in the betta's fins. If there are tears, first check the water quality, as fin rot, often mistaken for tearing, are typically caused by poor water maintenance. Avoid adding any hard-plastic plants. Again, these can be rough on the fins. Use the 'pantyhose test': If a plastic plant will snag a pair of pantyhose when rubbed against it, then it will damage your betta's fins. Be safe and buy silk plants or live plants instead. Live plants are a great idea. They give a more natural look to your tank than fake ones, and betta fish love lounging on the leaves and hiding in them to sleep.

Live plants also help to oxygenate the water and keep the water cleaner for longer periods of time by absorbing nitrates, which can be harmful to your fish. Do research if you are considering adding tank-mates. Betta fish tend to prefer being alone and may kill other fish and even invertebrates if added to the tank.

Some calm-tempered fish can coexist with peaceful bottom dwellers like snails or corydoras. Shrimp tend to not be suitable tank-mates because bettas see them as food, and fish with bright colors and long tails can be bullied by your betta. Before adding any sort of tank-mate, do thorough research on both bettas and the other species to make sure the water parameters and size of your tank are suitable for both species. The article Buy Fish for an Aggressive Freshwater Aquarium can assist with choosing a tank-mate for your betta.

If in doubt, leave the tank-mate out.

Part 3 of Prepare the water. Use a quality water conditioner such as Seachem Prime before putting fresh tap water in the tank. The chlorine and chloramines in standard tap water can harm bettas, as well as kill off all that beneficial bacteria housed in the filter.

Betta Fish

Older sources may suggest aging the water standing it for a time but it's best to use a water conditioner, as aged water removes chlorine but not chloramine and heavy metals. Use a master freshwater test kit to ensure that your tank is completely cycled before adding your betta! Treated tap water is both a cheaper and better alternative. Fill the betta's tank. However, bettas usually won't be trying to escape if they're comfortable in their home. Part 4 of Add your betta.

First, slowly and carefully add some of your tank water to the container in which you received your betta. Allowing the new water and old water to mix will make the water easier for your fish to adjust to——if the habitat water has different water chemistry than of its old container, mixing waters will help allay any shock for the fish.

Float the cup in the tank to let the temperature adjust. Leave it like this for fifteen minutes.

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You may want to repeat the process to be safe. Then tip the cup into your aquarium, but try to add as little water as possible from the container to the new home, since sometimes water from the pet store can carry diseases and other things that you don't want in your tank. Be gentle as you tip in the betta! Avoid netting a betta if possible, as this can damage the delicate fins. Part 5 of Pick the proper diet for your betta. Bettas are carnivores.

How to Keep Your Betta Fish Healthy and Happy

Your betta's diet should consist of pellets specifically made for feeding betta, as well as a variety of other carnivorous foods. Frozen or live brine shrimp or blood worms are good options. The first three should be protein based. Feed your betta regularly. Betta fish vary in eating habits from each other, so experiment to see how much food your Betta eats. Set up routine feeding times, for example, once in the morning and once at night. If you stick to this routine, you may even find that your betta will be waiting for you when it's time to eat!

A betta's stomach is only about the size of their eye. Overfeeding can be a problem in some betta fish, as some fish will eat as long as you feed them which can be fatal. A good feeding schedule is 3 pellets in the morning, and 3 at night. Soaking the pellets in water for a few minutes before feeding is recommended since the pellets will otherwise expand inside your betta's stomach, which can cause unhealthy bloating and digestive blockage.

Overfeeding can cause bloating and bladder problems which can be fatal, although this is not as serious as a similar condition referred to as dropsy. Clean up any extra food that your betta does not eat. This could be a sign that your betta is a picky eater, or it could also mean that the pellets are too big for the betta's mouth.

Ironically, most big fish food companies don't realize that Betta fish have smaller mouths than, say, goldfish or others. If it still refuses to eat, try another brand of pellets or dried food. Turn feeding time into a little enrichment exercise. Place the straw over it so that it is inside the straw. You can then slowly lift the straw up to the top of the tank until the food pops out and your betta will eat it.

Part 6 of Ensure your betta is properly acclimated.

Betta Fish: Facts and History

Betta fish are only hardy to a particular water type, such as a certain water hardness and pH. It takes them a while to acclimate to a new environment and this process is stressful for the betta. Allow your betta to fully acclimate before making any changes to their new home. Clean your Betta's tank. Betta's thrive best in an already cycled tank with a filter, unless you are doing extremely frequent large water changes but this can be stressful for the betta.

Slow flow or sponge filters are recommended due to the betta's fragile fins. Vacuum the bottom of the filtered tank gently when doing routine small water changes. There are many symptoms of dirty water, such as fin rot. Not to worry, the problem is easily treatable.

Betta fish facts: Siamese Fighting Fish - Animal Fact Files

Be sure that the water you are changing is the same temperature as the old water the betta was in to avoid temperature shock. Use an in-tank thermometer to check the water temperatures. Test the water weekly. In order to test water parameters each week, you will need a master freshwater test kit. This will allow you to monitor your aquarium and take readings. Follow the instructions for testing provided by the manufacturer. Place notes in your calendar or diary to remind yourself that it's time to test and change the water. Part 7 of Have fun with your new friend.

Betta fish come to recognize their owners. They will actually learn faces and even simple games. Keep your betta company and say "hi" once in a while, so he learns who you are! They can "beg" for food by swimming up and down in the front of the tank when you come near.

Remarkably Astonishing Facts About Betta Fish

Play with your betta fish. Betta fish are enjoyable to watch and spend time with. You can play with your fish by moving your finger back and forth along the tank edge never bang the tank or poke the water. Watch your betta follow you. And above all, don't forget to name your fish! Never tap the glass of the tank. This action easily agitates the fish and can cause the fish to go into shock. To interact through movement, simply slowly rest your finger on the glass and slide it along to see if your betta will follow it.

You can eventually try again once you the betta is more accustomed and less afraid of you. Avoid having a mirror as a permanent fixture in the tank, as it will make your betta believe there is another betta constantly in their territory and can cause stress. Using a mirror in moderation once in a while for less than five minutes , however, can help a constipated betta defecate. Tank walls can sometimes be naturally mirrored as well, so consider purchasing underwater "wallpaper" to cover this up. Part 8 of Enjoy some facts about betta fish: Betta fish are members of the Anabantoid family gouramis are also in this family , also called labyrinthian fish.

They have a back-up breathing system that allows them to breathe surface air; however, they still require a filtration system in their tanks.